Buddhist Vihars and Bahis (Buddhist Monasteries and Courtyards) In Bhaktapur

The City of Bhaktapur is home to Buddhist monasteries, vihars, or "hidden" temples. Since the medieval times, they have served as religious sanctities as well as historical examples of Buddhist art and architecture in this once ancient Nepali city.

Bhaktapur is also a Buddhist city. Baha and Bahis can be found in almost every neighborhood in town. Although Udhyotak Vihar and the VichhuniSangha at Chamhasimha no longer exist, they were built during the Lichchhavi era. It was only a few days ago that the ruins of the Vihars were discovered in the Jhaukhel area. Whatever the case may be, the town’s existing Vihars appear to have thrived during the Malla period. The following are some of them:

Dipankar Mahavihar/Dhyo Nani Baha/Ajudhyo Baha

Location: Kwathandau Tole
Deity: Dipankar Tathagat, Akshyobhaya, Pragyaparamita, Namasangiti, Sadakshari Lokesvor, Vajrasattva,
Priest: Vajracharya
Remarks: Dipankar, the principal of the five Dipankars of Bhaktapur.The oldest Vihar which appears to have built around 10th century
A.D. Nearby south of this Vihar is the God house of Akanta Kumari.

Prasannasil Mahavihar/Pasu Baha/Pashupati Mahavihar 

Location: Kwathandau Tole 
Deity: Akshobhaya, Pragyaparamita, Avalokitesvor, Kwapa Dhyo 
Priest: Vajracharya and Shakya

Viswovihar/Biku Baha 

Location: Kwathandau Tole
Deity: Padhmapani Lokeshwor
Priest: Vajracharya

Adipadhma Mahavihar/Ta Baha

Location: Suryamadhi Tole
Deity: Padhmapani Lokeshwor, Vairochan, Kwapa dhyo
Priest: Vajracharya, Shakya and Lama
Remarks: It also boasts a Akshobhaya Gumba

Manjuvarna Mahavihar/Wom Baha

Location: Bekhal Tole
Deity: Lokeshwor, Mahamanjusri, Mahavairochan, Pragyaparamita, 

Indravarta Mahavihar/Inacho Baha

Location: Inacho Tole
Deity: Akshobhaya, Pragyaparamita, Sadakshyari Lokeshwor Kwapadhyo
Priest: Vajracharya 

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Bhaktapur, Nepal: Sri Indravarta Mahavihar Buddhist temple

Dharmauttam Mahavihar/Muni Baha

Location: Inacho Tole
Deity: Dhyani Buddha 

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Mangaldharmadwipa Mahavihar/Jhor Bahi

Location: Golmadhi Tole
Deity: Dipankar, Kwapadhyo
Priest: Shakya and Lama 

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Lun Vihar/Lun Baha

Location: Sukuldhoka Tole
Deity: Bhimsen 

Chatu Brahma Mahavihar/Tarichen Baha

Location: Sakotha (Bhaktapur Durbar Square)
Deity: Dipankar (Ajajudhyo), Kumari, Karunamaya, Kwapa Dyo,

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Padhmapani Lokeshwor, Viswokarma

Priest: Vajracharya

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Akhandasil Mahavihar/Akha Baha

Location: Bolachen Tole
Deity: Mahavairochan, Kwapadhyo, Lokeshwor
Priest: Vajracharya

Lokeshwor Mahavihar/Laskadhyo Baha

Location: Tapalachi Tole
Deity: Red Matsyandranath / Annapurna Lokeshwor
Priest: Vajracharya

Sukravarna Mahavihar/Thathu Bahi

Location: Itachen Tole
Deity: Dipankar, Pancha-Buddha, Kwapadhyo, Akshobhaya,
Priest: Vajracharya and Shakya

Jayakirti Mahavihar/Kuthu Bahi

Location: Varvacho Tole
Deity: Dipankar, Kwapadhyo
Priest: Vajracharya and Shakya

Jetvarna Mahavihar/Ni Baha

Location: Tekhacho Tole
Deity: Kwapadhyo, Lokeshwor, Viswokarma
Priest: Vajracharya

Punyajetvan Mahavihar/Tankone Baha

Location: Itachen Tole
Deity: Akshobhaya, Kwapadhyo
Priest: Buddhacharya and Vajracharya

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